Minion Masters Hack
Minion Masters Hack > https://bltlly.com/2sUU0b
Zerg Rush often describes the most common combat method of The Minion Master. Because of their tactics, they often fall under Anti-Hero and Dark Is Not Evil characterization. Can occasionally be Game Breakers, occasionally Crutch Characters. If the minions are copies of the master, it's a Doppleganger Attack. Will be exceptionally powerful if Ninjutsu isn't conserved, enabling each Mook to be a threat, let alone many Mooks.
Compare Assist Character, an NPC in Fighting Games that can be briefly summoned to assist the Player Character; Drone Deployer, a character that carries their minions upon their person and "deploys" them when they're to be used; Enemy Summoner, a video-game enemy that summons other enemies while also directly fighting the player; Mook Commander, a mook with the ability to strengthen other mooks just by their presence; Mook Maker, where the producer of mooks may be an inanimate device rather than an actual character; Puppet Fighter, a character whose fighting style involves commanding one or few powerful allies simultaneously; and The Turret Master, who instead of minions uses technology.
SaltStack Salt is a popular tool used to automate and secure infrastructure. Its usage is split into two roles: one system is set up as the master and is responsible for controlling those systems that connect to it. One or more systems are then set up as minions that connect to the master and respond to any commands it issues.
The minion's restartcheck is vulnerable to command injection via a crafted process name when this process has open file descriptors associated with (deleted) at the end of a filename (note the leading space is required). This allows for a local privilege escalation to root from any user able to create files on the minion in a directory that is not explicitly forbidden.
Now that we've confirmed the malicious process is running with a command injection in the name and a filehandler open, we can issue the restartcheck.restartcheck command on the SaltStack master. Once this has completed, we can check for the existence of the hacked file in the root directory.
For many hackers, a day in the office involves stealing corporate intellectual property, either to resell for personal profit or to further the objectives of the nation state that employs them. A common type of corporate espionage is to steal secret patents, future business plans, financial data, contracts, health data, and even the notes of legal disputes. Anything that gives competitors a leg up on the hacked organization is fair game. Every once in a while, corporate espionage gets exposed when the competitor who was offered the illegal information reports it to the victimized company and/or authorities.
This is a relatively recent phenomenon where a group of expert hackers develop, buy or steal powerful malware and offer advanced-persistent-threat (APT) services to target their skills and tools for a fee. The goal might be financial gain, disrupting a competitor or enemy, or theft of valuable data or intellectual property. Their clients might be nation-states, companies interested in corporate espionage, or other criminal groups looking to resell what the hackers steal.
Many otherwise well-meaning, law-abiding people get caught up with hacktivist goals and crimes, though, and end up getting arrested. Despite their well-meaning intentions, they can be prosecuted for the same crimes as hackers with less noble motives. If you tie yourself to a tree or a submarine, you will probably just get probation. Hack something? You will very likely to go to jail.
Many malware coders create bots, which they send out into the world to infect as many computers as they can. The goal is to form large botnet armies that will do their evil bidding. Once your computer becomes their minion, it sits waiting for instruction from its master. These instructions usually come from command-and-control (C&C) servers. The botnet can be used directly by the botnet creator but more often that master rents it out to whoever wants to pay.
Lastly, some hackers are more like tourists than serious miscreants. Perhaps they have some technical ability but never intentionally set out to hack anything. Then one day they come across a website with a glaring coding error. Fascinated by the puzzle it presents, they begin to play at hacking in. To their own surprise, they discover it was as easy as it looked.
History is full of people who happened upon, for example, a website that used easily guessable numbers in the URL to identify customers. Accidental hackers can sometimes have a hard time reporting their finding to the company without getting themselves in trouble. The accidental hacker might find they have committed illegal crimes after starting out merely solving a puzzle. Most security professionals in the business of fighting serious hackers feel that innocent hackers should not be prosecuted as long as they report it to the unprotected company.
This Metasploit module exploits unauthenticated access to the runner() and _send_pub() methods in the SaltStack Salt master's ZeroMQ request server, for versions 2019.2.3 and earlier and 3000.1 and earlier, to execute code as root on either the master or on select minions. VMware vRealize Operations Manager versions 7.5.0 through 8.1.0 are known to be affected by the Salt vulnerabilities. Tested against SaltStack Salt 2019.2.3 and 3000.1 on Ubuntu 18.04, as well as Vulhub's Docker image.
The hard levels of Hackvent conitnued with more web hacking, reverse engineering, crypto, and an esoteric programming language. In the reversing challenges, there was not only an iPhone debian package, but also a PS4 update file.
In this blog I will take you through a journey by which we will use vRealize Automation and vRealize Automation SaltStack Config together to deploy an application automatically on a deployed virtual machine, then simulate a hack to that application and then show how vRealize Automation SaltStack Config detects the change and restores our application to the proper state.
The main thing I want to show in this blog is how I can deploy a Shopping Cart application so I can run my business and my customers can purchase my products. However what if my website gets hacked! How can my business recover quickly without intervention from an operator.
So once our Salt-Minion has been registered via the acceptance of the key within vRealize Automation SaltStack Config then we have configured our reactor to look for machines with certain minion-id and then install our Shopping Cart application. Here is an example of our reactor:
The beacon file ultimately is looking for changes made to the index.php file, if that file is modified then the beacon will report that event back to the Salt-Master and then the reactor will know what to do next. If you look at the list of pkgs in the file you will see python-pynotify being one of them, that is a requirement on a Salt-Minion for the beacon to work, but the beacon will not be triggered until we simulate a hack on the index.php file.
The fix_index_php.sls will instruct the system what to do next. Basically we are going to call another .sls file that is located in a fix_hack directory that has instructions to replace the hacked index.php with our original index.php file. Here is a snippet example of the init.sls that will help us do that.
This file replacement happens automatically without operator intervention and gets our website back to what it should look like. Here is an example of what the activity log looks like when the hack fix is performed within vRealize Automation SaltStack Config.
So we have seen how vRealize Automation SaltStack Config can help organizations continue operations and use powerful features of this technology to help with changes in the environment as well as installing applications automatically based on filter criteria of the salt-minion. We look forward to seeing our customers expand their vRealize Automation use cases with vRealize Automation SaltStack Config and stay tuned for more content and blogs on this topic!
We present the work towards strengthening the security of DNA-sequencing functionality of future bioinformatics systems against bio-computing attacks. Recent research has shown how using common tools, a perpetrator can synthesize biological material, which upon DNA-analysis opens a cyber-backdoor for the perpetrator to hijack control of a computational resource from the DNA-sequencing pipeline. As DNA analysis finds its way into practical everyday applications, the threat of bio-hacking increases. Our wetlab experiments establish that malicious DNA can be synthesized and inserted into E. coli, a common contaminant. Based on that, we propose a new attack, where a hacker to reach the target hides the DNA with malicious code on common surfaces (e.g., lab coat, bench, rubber glove). We demonstrated that the threat of bio-hacking can be mitigated using dedicated input control techniques similar to those used to counter conventional injection attacks. This article proposes to use genetic similarity of biological samples to identify material that has been generated for bio-hacking. We considered freely available genetic data from 506 mammary, lymphocyte and erythrocyte samples that have a bio-hacking code inserted. During the evaluation we were able to detect up to 95% of malicious DNAs confirming suitability of our method.
A recent study7 has demonstrated a new form of vulnerability that DNA-sequencing can be susceptible to. The study shows how an adversary can insert a malicious payload from a computer script into a DNA sequence of a biological sample. The inserted payload takes advantage of a specific binary vulnerability of software used in the DNA-sequencing pipeline. The pipeline assembles the DNA-structure of a sample from the output of a DNA-sequencing instrument (i.e. FASTQ files). Then, the payload creates and opens a reverse shell to a remote address and port for the adversary to seize control of computational resources hosting the affected software. Though hosted separately from the sequencing instrument, the pipeline is an essential part of the DNA-sequencing process. Control of the pipeline will allow the attacker to eavesdrop on and even sabotage future DNA analyses. This may lead to consequences including misdiagnosis of illnesses, use of wrong DNAs for criminal forensics investigations, or suboptimal animal and plant breeding. In this paper we consider (i) a new scenario of attack on DNA sequencing pipeline, and (ii) input-control for detecting the DNA with encoded malicious code that is used for hacking. The following sub-sections will provide a brief introduction to each of these contributions. 2b1af7f3a8